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India has announced that its Chandrayaan-2 mission to the moon will launch between July 9-16 this year, after earlier plans for an April lift-off were scrapped.


The mission will make the nation the fourth country to accomplish the feat after China, the US and Russia.


Israel made an attempt earlier this year but failed.


'Some structural damage was found during the test', said K. Sivan, chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) at the timed.


'And then it has been found that this was because the test configuration and orientation was wrong.'


The country's first mission, Chandrayaan-1, launched in 2008 and was terminated a year early after scientists lost contact with the unmanned orbiting spacecraft.


In a Twitter post, Indian Space Research Organisation's (ISRO) said: 'We are ready for one of the most exciting missions.


'Launch window between July 9-16 & likely Moon-landing on Sept 6, 2019.'


In its latest website statement, ISRO added: 'Chandrayaan-2, India's second lunar mission, has three modules namely Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) & Rover (Pragyan).


The statement describes how the Orbiter and Lander modules will be stacked together as an one entity and be placed inside the launch vehicle known as GSLV MK-III.

该声明描述了轨道器和着陆器模块将作为一个整体组合在一起,并被放置在名为GSLV MK-III的运载火箭内。

Mission control confirmed just minutes later that it had lost contact with the lander after resetting the main engine in effort to address an issue and get it all working again.


'We were very close to the moon,' officials said during the live broadcast, but confirmed that there was 'a failure in the spacecraft.'


Engineers on site estimate the craft was about nine miles (15 kilometres) from the surface when it began to break apart, being unable to slow down without its main engine.


SpaceIL was hoping to complete a landing of Beresheet on the moon and make Israel the fourth country to manage the feat - behind the US, Russia and China.


While it was unable to achieve this accomplishment, the mission still makes Israel only the seventh country to ever each lunar orbit.


The lander - whose name is Hebrew for Genesis or beginning - took off almost two months ago from Cape Canaveral in Florida.


SpaceIL says it's now planning to launch another lunar mission within the next three years.


China on the other hand successfully landed its Chang'e 4 lander and Yutu 2 Rover on the far side of the moon on January 3 this year.


The 'far side', which is the hemisphere that always faces away from Earth, had never been explored before the current mission, which is ongoing.


China Space Agency has also announced that plans for construction work on a moonbase could begin within the next decade.


The lunar base could serve not only as a platform for research but also as a refuelling station for giant leaps out into the solar system.


Additionally, the country plans to send a mission to Mars by 2020.


'There was no point continuing with the mission.'


Named Chandrayaan-2, the vehicle will take between one and two months to reach orbit and once the rover reaches the surface it will explore the area around the south pole.


It is the Indian Space Research Organisation's (ISRO) second lunar probe.


Weighing nearly 3,300kg (7,300lbs), the spacecraft will take off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, off India's southwest coast.


It is now set for launch in January 2019.
In February last year when ISRO announced its April 2019 moon mission liftoff, chairman K. Sivan told the Times of India: 'Chandraayan-2 is a challenging mission as for the first time we will carry an orbiter, a lander and a rover to the moon', 'The 6-wheeled rover fixed within the lander will get detached and move on the lunar surface'.


'The rover will be powered by solar energy and will charge every lunar day which is the same as 14 Earth days.


'It will carry out chemical analysis of the surface and will send data and images of the surface back to Earth.


Chang'e-7 will study the land surface, composition, space environment in a comprehensive mission, it was claimed, while Chang'e-8 will focus on technical surface analysis.


China is also reportedly working on building a lunar base using 3D printing technology.


Mission number eight will likely lay the groundwork for this as it strives to verify the technology earmarked for the project and if it is viable as a scientific base.


China's space agency the China National Space Administration (CNSA) also say they want to travel to mars by 2020.