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2019年9月20日 作者来自史丹福郡大学生命科学与教育学院

The prospect of going to university isexciting but can also be a daunting time. There are many questions to addressand a number of unknowns, then there’s the challenge of imposter syndrome –wondering whether you’ll fit in with other students along with fears about howto make your own way in the world. And that’s before you’ve even thought abouthow to be a successful student.

上大学的景象是令人激动的,但也可能会是一段让人畏缩的时光。可以探讨的问题有很多,还有挺多是不为人知的,我们有冒名顶替综合症带来的挑战,即非常想知道你是否能融入其他学生,并带着如何孤身闯荡世界的恐惧。而这些甚至在你思考如何成为一个成功的学生之前就出现了。

There are a number of nuggets of wisdom wewould love to be able to give our younger selves to smooth the path throughuniversity. Some are to do with balancing study and paid work, others to dowith balancing study and social life. But on reflection, one of the mostimportant would be changing the way we looked at, and interacted with, theassessments we had to complete as part of our degrees.

为了能给大学生涯铺平道路,我们想要把一些金贵的小智慧送给更年轻的自己。有些是关于平衡学业与有偿的工作,还有一些是关于平衡学业和社交生活。但考虑再三,最重要的建议之一就是改变我们看待作为学位一部分的学业评定的方式,以及与之互动的方式。

In our roles at Staffordshire University,we have both become increasingly interested in how students learn within highereducation. Our research looks at how talking with peers, tutors, family andfriends can prepare students for assessments and make the most of feedback.

在史丹福郡大学的任职期间,我们对于高等教育中学生学习方式的兴趣与日俱增。我们的研究检视了与同辈、导师、家人和朋友的谈话是如何能让学生为评定做好准备的,并且充分利用了相关反馈。



Have a support network

构建一张支持网络

If you are struggling, talk to people –your tutor, peers and family are all there to help you. Don’t close in on yourselfor start thinking “I can’t do this” – you can. Seek guidance and think aboutwhat needs to be different to make the situation OK.

如果你步履维艰,和别人谈谈心吧,你的导师,同辈和家人都会帮助你的。不要封闭自己,或是开始出现“我无能为力”的念头,你可以的。寻求指导,并去思考,想要让境况转好,还需要改变哪些东西。

Get to know your course mates, but makesure you form your own ideas and opinions.

(图解:去试着了解你的课程伙伴,但要确保你的想法和观点是你自己形成多的)

If you’re finding your assignmentsdifficult, talk to other students in your lectures or seminars. Hearing notjust different viewpoints but seeing where others are coming from gives breadthto your work. Listen to your peers and practise expressing your own views –this can help to give you clarity around tricky subjects and will help you togrow and expand in your scholarly work. But don’t try to be someone else – eventhose who appear more successful than you.

如果你发现你在作业中碰到困难,和你课上或研讨班上的其他学生聊聊。不只是要听取不同观点,还要去听听其他人一路而来的思考过程,这能为你的作业提供一些更宽广的思路。听听你的同辈人是怎么说的,然后去练习表达你自己的观点,此举能在难对付的学科中帮助理清你的思绪,还能帮助你成长,并扩展你的学术工作。但不要试图去做别人,哪怕他们似乎比你更成功。

Learn from your mistakes

从错误中学习

When it comes to essays and assessments,your first attempt shouldn’t be your last. You need to read over your draftsand make changes to what you have written. This is editing, it makes for a moresuccessful assignment – as rarely can you write something just right first timeround.

说到论文和作业,你的第一次尝试不应该成为最后一次。你必须多读几遍草稿,并对你已经写下的内容作出修改。这是编辑工作,能帮助你做出一份更成功的作业,一遍就写对的情况毕竟是少见的。



There’s no doubt about it, startinguniversity can be a scary time, but knowing how to tackle your assignments,having a support network and being open to new learning experiences can allmake the process much smoother – and will hopefully help you enjoy your studiesover the coming years.

毫无疑问,启动大学生活也许是一段让人恐慌的时光,但明白了如何应付你的作业、构建支持网络并对新的学习体验保持敞开,就能让这个过程变得更为顺利,还有希望能帮助你享受你之后几年的学习。